Suicide is defined as “death caused by self-directed injurious behavior with an intent to die as a result of the behavior,” whereas a suicide attempt is defined as “a non-fatal, self-directed, potentially injurious behavior with an intent to die as a result of the behavior” that “might not result in injury” (CDC, 2016). The two characteristic features of suicide deaths and attempts are that they are self-directed and include an intent to die.
In Georgia, 2012-2014 data places suicide in the top 10 leading causes of death for individuals ages 10-64. Although suicide is not in the top 10 leading causes of death for individuals ages 65-85+, the suicide rate for individuals ages 65-85+ between 2012-2014 is still higher than the rate for individuals ages 10-64, showing suicide as a significant problem in all age groups 10-85+ (CDC WISQARS).
- Suicide is the:
- 2nd leading cause of death in Georgia for individuals ages 25-34,
- 3rd leading cause of death in Georgia for individuals ages 10-14 and 15-24,
- 4th leading cause of death in Georgia for individuals ages 35-44 and 45-54,
- 10th leading cause of death in Georgia for individuals ages 55-64.
- The suicide rate for individuals ages 65-85+ is 16.39 per 100,000 people, as compared to the suicide rate for individuals ages 10-64 at 13.83 per 100,000 people (CDC WISQARS).
Suicide is a tragic and costly public health problem, both in the U.S. and in the state of Georgia.
According to state data from the Georgia Department of Public Health (OASIS),
- In 2015, 1,274 persons died from suicide; in 2014, 1,265 persons died from suicide.
- In 2014, 3,356 persons were hospitalized and 6,468 persons visited hospital emergency rooms for suicidal behaviors.
According to CDC WISQARS data for the state of Georgia,
- In 2010, nonfatal hospitalized injuries and emergency department treated and released injuries with the intention of self-harm resulted in approximately $10.4 billion in combined medical costs and work loss costs.
- Over the ten-year period of 2004-2013, firearms were the mechanism used for 6,308 of 10,221 (61.7%) suicide deaths, regardless of race, sex, or age.
Georgia Crisis and Access Line (GCAL)
Individuals in need of services should contact GCAL at 1-800-715-4225 or www.mygcal.com to obtain access to care.
For further information contact:
Suicide Education & Training Projects
Garrett Lee Smith Youth Suicide Prevention Grants