Prevention services promote health and well being of individuals, families and communities through a variety of strategies and activities. OPSP contracts for prevention services specifically designed to reduce the risks associated with substance use and abuse. While current funding is focused on services for addictive diseases and violence prevention, these services may also be effective with risk factors associated with social problems, such as crime, teen pregnancy, school failure, delinquency and economic dependence. Research confirms that interventions that reduce risk factors and increase protective factors linked to addictive diseases and related problem behaviors produce long-term positive outcomes.
Risk Factors increase the likelihood of substance abuse problems:
- Individual: rebelliousness and beginning drug use early
- Family: poor family management and parental attitudes favorable to drug use
- School: academic failure and low commitment to school
- Community: low neighborhood attachment and high community disorganization
Protective Factors buffer youth against exposure to risk:
- Individual: social skills and belief in the moral order
- Family: attachment and opportunities for prosocial involvement
- School and Community: opportunities for and rewards for prosocial involvement
Prevention is currently funded by two federal fund sources. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA) Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) administers the Substance Abuse and Prevention and Treatment Block Grant (SAPTBG). The U.S. Department of Education administers the Governor’s Portion of Safe and Drug Free Schools and Communities (SDFSC) Act funds. Each fund source outlines a set of authorized activities within their respective guidelines.